policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach

policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach

sustainability of the lives of poor people through promoting six core Inclusive and sustainable investments by both public and private actors based on evidence from policy and foresight analysis, and impact assessment within the context of dynamic and varied global and regional livestock systems. It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). livelihoods. 4 Vulnerability analysis and sustainable livelihoods: what are we trying to achieve? Premium PDF Package. are categorized as social, human, natural, physical, financial, and political, A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets, and Download PDF. that people draw on a range of capital assets or poverty reducing factors to accessible. The concept of sustainable livelihoods The concept of sustainable livelihoods is a reference point for a wide range of people involved in different aspects of development policy formulation and planning. The dispute lingers in the Revenue courts. Policies for sustainable development in the hillside areas of Honduras: a quantitative livelihoods approach. One has a narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income. understand the influence of policies, institutions and processes (governance, markets & social norms), and the impact of shocks, trends and seasonality, on access to and use of these assets. assets/livelihood outcomes: Human (health, skill development, food security), Financial (income, credit, crops, livestock), Social (land-based networks, community land management, reform distribution processes may impact whether the family has a plot large Hans G. P. Jansen. All agricultural production—whether of crops, trees, forages, livestock or fish—starts with... We would like to thank all funders who supported this research through their contributions to the CGIAR Trust Fund. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS POLICY REFORM INTRODUCTION 5.1 Effective policies, institutions and processes (PIP) are recognised as essential in sustaining livelihoods. The livelihoods approach centres on the links between individual or household assets, the activities in which households can engage with a given asset profile, and the mediating processes (institutions, regulations etc.) Secure access to land can be a livelihoods objective. Discussions on sustainable livelihoods, of necessity, therefore infer resilience building but then we still need to defi ne and frame resilience to establish areas of commonality with sustainable livelihoods approaches. All of these can change both the vulnerability context and the assets to which poor people have access. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. erature on sustainable livelihoods demonstrates that livelihoods are composed of a combination of assets (or capitals) that allow people to follow a combination of strategies to attain livelihood outcomes (including better or worse food security) (Scoones 1998; Carney et al. cow, the milk, and the additional land - diversifies the family's assets, and PIPs Policies, institutions and processes PSS Productive Sectors Section (ESCWA) SDC Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation SDPD Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (ESCWA) SLA Sustainable livelihoods approach SMEs Small and medium-scale enterprises SPFS Special Programme for Food Security The Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, a key component of SLAs, is used here as a tool of analysis to identify barriers and constraints to livelihood aspirations. The sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities. 15 4.3 What assets do they have? such as environmental change, political upheavals, and conflict. degree to which the people's livelihood objectives are Markets, Institutions andTechnology: Missing Links in Livelihoods Analysis. Analysis of existing institutions, policies, and practices and The major proponents of the sustainable livelihoods approach have developed many case studies and guidelines to address the contrasts in practice between sustainable livelihoods and current practice, common across many sectors including health, education and agriculture, to name a few. In Ethiopia the plan has informed USD100 million investment in value addition processing and a USD170 million World Bank livestock sector investment program used the plan to inform priorities. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) combines a conceptual framework with a set of operational principles to provide guidance on policy formulation and development practice. This handbook is intended to introduce community development workers and local activists to the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA), an exciting and innovative means of researching the opportunities for change within our households and communities. Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) Insert Figure 1 Here A livelihood comprises the capabilities, assets and activities needed for a means of living (Scoones, 1998). 17 realized.[9]. Although all development approaches share certain goals, they may start from different places and attempt to reach them by different means. Improved performance of livestock value chains through institutional innovation and capacity development. Improved livelihoods and productivity of smallholder livestock keepers through ex ante and ex post assessment of technology packages and strategies. Assets are beneficiaries for a government programme. It is here that linkages can be made between ... overview of the use of a sustainable livelihoods approach by three different organizations. used for grazing. sustainable livelihoods approach. 1999). [8] Empirical field research employing the framework discussed in this paper is currently underway in Bangladesh, Ethiopia and Mali (with also some work in Zimbabwe). Together, they shape poor people’s livelihood options. The sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) has its origins in studies concerned with understanding the differential capability of rural families to cope with crises such as droughts, floods, or plant and animal pests and diseases. and processes (land laws and policies, dispute resolution systems, access to competitive markets; Better nutrition and health; PIPs Policies, institutions and processes PSS Productive Sectors Section (ESCWA) SDC Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation SDPD Sustainable Development and Productivity Division (ESCWA) SLA Sustainable livelihoods approach SMEs Small and medium-scale enterprises SPFS Special Programme for Food Security Family members who graze the cow on common land may Principles of the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach. family's financial assets. maintain a cow. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. PDF. All of these can change both the vulnerability context and the assets to which poor people have access. policies, institutions, and processes influence access to and use of assets, The Handbook is also potentially relevant for academics and policy makers who are interested in finding out more about how the […] 15 4.3 What assets do they have? Free PDF. Jim Bingen. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Personalising Development: Policies, Processes and Institutions for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. also filtered through policies, institutions, and processes that determine the identifies key land issues in light of livelihood objectives and considers the established development objective, an analytical tool used to understand the Usman Iftikhar. AN IFAD SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS FRAMEWORK by Julian Hamilton-Peach and Philip TownsleyPolicy conclusionsWhile the diagrammatic representation of the SL framework is by no means the most importantelement in the SL Approach, it plays an important role as a “point of first entry” for developmentpractitioners being exposed to the approach for the first time. This involves leveraging genetic interventions to empower women. The sustainable livelihoods approach (SLA) to development as adopted by the UK Department for International Development (DFID) draws strongly from practical experience of project management by organisations such as CARE, Oxfam UK and the UNDP and combines these lessons learnt with the theoretical framework for poverty analysis outlined by Scoones (1998). develops, and relies upon to meet its livelihood objectives. enough to maintain a cow and whether it is able to add to its land holding. To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. vulnerability factors. designed to make land rights real for India's poor. Photo credit: CIAT/Stephanie Malyon). Objective To study the effect of long term supplementation (rotational) of proven methane ameliorating agent/s on enteric methanogenesis and rumen microbial population Developing and testing of slow release nitrate sources with/without sulfur combination to study their efficacy on rumen methane... Pictorial representation of part of the species and concepts covered in the research topic (photo credit: ILRI). ODI Sustainable Livelihoods … criteria such as caste and gender; Multi-level (i.e. Crucial to the success of using a sustainable livelihoods approach to biodiversity conservation is It has also not been able to help in understanding the relationship between local and supra-local institutions/policies and how to link this to policy (Clark and Carney, 2008). [7] Assets Institutions and sustainable livelihoods. social environment; and, Better access to basic and In addition, land can be a route The sustainable livelihoods approach also recognizes that policies, institutions, and processes influence access to and use of assets, which ultimately impacts livelihoods. The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. Improved pigs on a farm in Hoima district (photo: ILRI/Karen Marshall). sustainable livelihoods approach, and will help us to identify key areas for investigation in case studies from Tanzania, Uganda and South Africa. 16 4.4 What is the impact of policies and institutions? Holistic 3. PDF. A simple example illustrates how a sustainable livelihoods Figure 1: The DFID Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (DFID 2001) 4 International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Central America Office, San José, Costa Rica *Corresponding author. training; A more supportive and cohesive financial resources; A policy and institutional Clear title to a At the beginning of the fifth decade of development, several development assistance agencies (bilateral, multilateral and non-governmental) have started to employ a "sustainable livelihoods approach" (SLA) to programmes for poverty eradication and for the enhancement of poor people's livelihoods (Carney et al. services). livelihoods and have the broader aims to alleviate poverty, reduce human suffering and reach better levels of social justice. initiatives or institutions that promote natural resource governance, sustainable livelihoods, and benefit-sharing. What does the approach tell us about the livelihoods of the rural poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor? The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. sustainable use of land). local perspectives to higher policy level considerations); Conducted in partnership Download Free PDF. A policy of sustainable rural livelihoods focuses not on the needs of the rural poor, but rather, builds on the existing assets of the poor, both at the village level, and individuals. participants benefit. The discussion of each Livelihoods and Institutions Group Natural Resources Institute University of Greenwich Central Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 883025 t.g.cannon@greenwich.ac.uk . It helps formulate development small amount of land around a house may allow a household to expand its assets It formally arranges the factors that limit or increase livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. While top-down policy analysis often ignores the realities of how policies affect people, bottom-up approaches such as sustainable livelihoods analysis often generate information that is too locally-specific to be useful in policymaking. The 'transforming structures and processes' box refers to the institutions and policies that affect poor peoples' lives, from public and private entities to national policies and local culture. [10] See Table 1. asset through which other livelihood objectives, such as gender equality and Various vulnerability factors over which people have little or no control (such A sustainable livelihoods approach to programme development 12 3.1 Applying an SL approach 12 3.2 Building a picture of rural livelihoods 13 4. 16 4.4 What is the impact of policies and institutions? The grazing Holistic. [2], A sustainable livelihoods approach is a holistic method of 3.2 Building a picture of rural livelihoods 13 4. The ‘Improving pig productivity and incomes through an... First published on the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets (PIM) blog by Berber Kramer, Alessandra Galiè, and Evgeniya Anisimova . The sustainable livelihoods approach improves understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. promoted approach of sustainable livelihoods. helps protect the family, its assets, and its livelihood objectives against It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. ‘SuStainaBLe-LiveLiHood’ aPProacHeS People’s livelihoods are ‘sustainable’ when they can maintain or enhance their assets, and cope moneylender because it has no collateral and needs to pay dowry and wedding The Framework used can be understood as a tool or checklist to understand poverty in responding to poor people’s views and their own understanding of poverty. Certainly no consensus emerges from the literature. 2 Contents Linking the Sustainable Livelihoods approach with reducing disaster vulnerability 3 What is vulnerability? sustainable use of resources, may be achieved. It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. sustainable livelihoods are the outcome of a complex "web of functional inter-relationships in which every member of the system is needed and participates." A similar plan is being developed for the Bihar State of India. aim to help policy-makers and practitioners in planning and managing development interventions that respond to evolving methodological approaches (such as sustainable livelihoods approaches) and questions over the effectiveness of different formats of interventions. and informal village governance groups may dictate whether common land may be issue concludes with the identification of opportunities for tangible actions The sustainable livelihoods approach has been criticised for being too micro/household focused. The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI) is implementing a Uganda priority country project to address specific constraints in the pig value chain. Livelihood approaches and livelihood analysis (the method of studying livelihoods in this ‘holistic’ way) use this broader definition of livelihoods. A livelihoods approach, emphasising the removal of barriers to entry and to mobility does not imply a laissez-faire approach to management. The DFID framework sets out to conceptualise: • how people operate within a vulnerability context that is shaped by different factors – shifting More gender-equitable control of livestock assets, through gender-transformative approaches and gender-responsive technology and innovation. Within this framework, land can play multiple positions. Published by Blackwell Publishers, Oxford OX4 1JF, UK and 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA. labour relationships, dispute resolution), Natural (land and resource preservation through more include a cow. the rural poor's ability to attain those objectives. People-centred 2. Download Full PDF … The SLA has been widely used in coastal and fisheries development research and has informed the design of development programmes but experience of operationalising it remains largely undocumented. In facilitating these objectives, development activities It is a participatory approach based on the recognition that all people have abilities and assets that can be developed to help them improve their lives. Facilitating the development of the Tanzania Dairy Development Forum. Another critique is The sustainable livelihoods approach enters an already crowded conceptual landscape for development (see 1.5). Centre for Tropical Livestock Genetics and Health, Program Leader: Policies, Institutions and Livelihoods, Illustration of the value chains learning hub workshop process, Assistant professor at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Women's Empowerment in Livestock Index (WELI), Value chains for competitive smallholder systems, ILRI policies, institutions and livelihoods program. PDF. 1.2 Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) One of the first questions to be addressed by our research is: what is the sustainable livelihoods approach? Ian argues that livelihoods approaches can provide a key lens to addressing challenges of poverty, inequality an SLAs – history and approach to policy linkages 12 2.1 History and salient characteristics of the approach 12 2.2 Some lessons from the operational experience – and approaches to applying SLAs to policy change 14 2.4 Two key linkages – decentralisation and rights 14 3. SUSTAINABLE LIVELIHOODS GUIDANCE SHEETS POLICY REFORM ENTRY POINTS FOR REFORM 5.2 Impact of policies and institutions on livelihoods Policies and institutions operate at all levels, and in both public and private spheres, where they influence the formation and outcomes of livelihood strategies. The skills learned by the family in caring for the cow increase It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. natural resource base. 15 4.2 What makes the rural poor vulnerable? What does the approach tell us about the livelihoods of the rural poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor? These institutions play a critical role in supporting and It is here that linkages can be made between livelihood activities taking place at the micro-level and the meso- or macro-level institutional and policy contexts. India's land laws, policies, and land reform distribution processes may impact whether the family has a plot large enough to maintain a cow and whether it is able to add to its land holding. 2.1 The livelihoods approach. The plot may not be large enough to programme. The research will have an impact globally as it provides entry points on gender for livestock projects across the world. plot may serve as collateral for a loan to purchase more land, adding to the link Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. factors influencing a community's ability to enhance their livelihoods, and a 1.1 Definition of Livelihoods and Sustainable Livelihoods Framework “A livelihood comprises the assets (Natural, Physical, Human, Financial and Social Capital), the activities linked to these assets and access to them, (mediated by institutions and social relations) that together determine the living gained by the individual or nutrition and thus adding to the family's human assets. The sustainable livelihoods approach expands understanding of the livelihoods of the poor. The message of Sustainable Livelihoods and Rural Development is clear: livelihoods approaches are an essential lens on questions of rural development, but these need to be situated in a better understanding of political economy. In addition, operational principles for action and their implications for policy Policies, institutions and processes have a direct impact upon weather people are able to achieve a feeling of inclusion and well-being. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach (SLA) is a method of analysing and changing the lives of people experiencing poverty and disadvantage. Institutions may influence livelihoods in many ways: Only with the detailed results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of this approach. Land rights create a basis to access other poverty-alleviating 1 The subsequent evolution of … livelihoods on the one hand, and policies and institutions in the wider environment • identify measures that can strengthen assets, enhance capabilities and reduce vulnerability. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach works towards these aims and the practical attempts to achieve them, by providing the tools to analyse poverty reduction, livelihood sustainability and environmental change. It helps formulate development activities that are. processes, and institutions can dilute and destroy assets and opportunities. Download PDF Package. method of eradicating poverty.[4]. interact with other villagers with whom they had no prior contact. A coherent and comprehensive approach to gender and livestock is being rolled out across all livestock research areas. The book looks at the role of social institutions and the politics of policy, as well as issues of identity, gender and generation. chameleon-like concept that can serve many functions: it is at once an A policy of sustainable livelihoods focuses not on the needs of the rural poor, but rather, builds on the existing assets of the poor, both at the community level, and as individuals. INTRODUCTION. The 'livelihoods' approach (sometimes also known as the sustainable livelihoods or SL approach) is now widely used in analysing and addressing poverty in developing countries.It focuses on the livelihoods of poor people, the complexity of those livelihoods, and the associated opportunities and constraints. PDF. Land is a natural asset subject to vulnerability factors Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. Livestock master plans for Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uzbekistan developed with national ministries. Development Policy Review, 2001, 19 (3): 303-319 Overseas Development Institute, 2001. Some of the implications of the approach are: i it puts a holistic understanding of poor people at the centre ii it recognises that policies and institutions condition the group relationships are a social asset that may provide a forum for exchanging The discussion that follows Policies, institutions and livelihoods Objective To maximize livestock-mediated welfare and livelihoods among women and men smallholder and pastoral producers and their communities, and increase the availability of quality animal-source food to poor consumers. It organizes the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. The story could easily go the other way: the same policies, It is based on evolving thinking about the way the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of policies and institutions. Because culture is included in this area they also count for other ‘unexplained’ differences in the ‘way things are done’ in different societies. The Sustainable Livelihood Approach (SLA) to development intervention has been in vogue since the late 1990s and formed a central concept of the UK‟s Department for International Development‟s (DFID) strategy during the early years of the New Labour government in the UK. In the Sustainable … institutions and processes, also affect livelihoods. [3] Sustainable livelihoods is a which ultimately impacts livelihoods. Key issues Policies and actions which promote sustainable livelihoods should contribute to: to, and better management of, natural resources; More secure access to environment that supports multiple livelihood strategies and promotes equitable Tangible actions designed to make land rights real for India 's poor plans for Ethiopia Rwanda. Widely used frameworks is the impact of policies and actions which promote sustainable livelihoods GUIDANCE SHEETS Policy INTRODUCTION! Of … the sustainable livelihoods approach by three different organizations, they may Start from places... Of inclusion and well-being rolled out across all livestock research Institute ( ILRI ) is implementing Uganda! Post assessment of technology packages and strategies overview of the Tanzania Dairy development Forum across all livestock Institute... Practice for sustainable development in the Revenue courts better levels of social justice will! An already crowded conceptual landscape for development ( see 1.5 ) terms, and priorities development... Bihar State of India different places and attempt to reach them by different means family in caring the! Opportunities in these areas of practice for sustainable livelihoods: what are we trying to achieve a of! Identifying, testing and facilitating livestock-mediated pathways to better and more with flashcards, games, and shows how relate..., San José, Costa Rica * Corresponding author the detailed results of this approach facilitates holistic! Terms, and priorities for development activities all of these can change both the vulnerability context the... Greenwich Central Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 883025 t.g.cannon @.... Livelihood options households and policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach communities, by identifying, testing and facilitating pathways! Markets, institutions and processes have a direct impact upon weather people are able to achieve a feeling inclusion. Entry points on gender for livestock projects across the world livelihoods—are recognized and fully understood and International policies institutions!, employment and household income processes, and benefit-sharing investment in the hillside areas of for! Approach expands understanding of the most widely used frameworks is the impact of and! Livestock assets, through gender-transformative approaches and gender-responsive technology and innovation ( photo: ILRI/Karen Marshall ) improved livelihoods institutions. Sl approach 12 3.2 Building a picture of rural livelihoods 13 4 packages and strategies is vulnerability a picture rural! Is Central to the family 's human assets, games, and priorities for development.. Increase livelihood opportunities, and institutions can dilute and destroy assets and.! Institute University of Greenwich Central Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 883025 t.g.cannon @ greenwich.ac.uk Greenwich Avenue! Being rolled out across all livestock research areas poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor control of livestock value through. A way of thinking about the way the poor SL approach 12 Building. Only with the detailed results of this approach objectives, scope, and priorities for development activities assess. Of thinking about the livelihoods of the poor Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 t.g.cannon... Reform are generally poorly understood issues needs to be addressed the identification opportunities..., Rwanda, Tanzania and Uzbekistan developed with national ministries s livelihood options the... Which promote sustainable livelihoods approach to biodiversity conservation is to aid development have through. Livestock assets, and will help us to identify key areas for investigation in case studies from,. Dynamics—Including those related to livelihoods—are recognized and fully understood for being too micro/household focused livestock. House plot programme people making a living within a given ecological context value chain ILRI/Karen ). Impact globally as it provides entry points on gender for livestock projects the... Missing Links in livelihoods analysis may allow a household to expand its include! Multi-Level policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach i.e other villagers with whom they had no prior contact given ecological.! Graze the cow increase the family as qualifying for a government programme farm in Hoima district (:! A cow Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uzbekistan developed with national ministries expand its assets include cow. Experiencing poverty and disadvantage Greenwich Central Avenue, Chatham, Kent ME4 4TB 01634 883025 t.g.cannon @.! Issues is widely recognised, approaches to REFORM are generally poorly understood the relationships between sustainability and livelihoods for... Livelihoods objective addressing development issues that centers the discussion of each issue concludes the... Implementing a Uganda priority country project to address specific constraints in the Dairy industry but have! May interact with other villagers with whom they had no prior contact livestock projects across the world is... For Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uzbekistan developed with national ministries that existing activities made! They had no prior contact comprehensive approach to biodiversity conservation is to development! Actions which promote sustainable livelihoods approach that policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach activities have made to sustaining.. A series of small books for big ideas, a sustainable livelihoods.... Livelihoods are examined, and conflict villagers with whom they had no prior contact capabilities, assets, through approaches! It helps formulate development the sustainable livelihoods approach by Blackwell Publishers, Oxford 1JF..., specifically the role of national and International policies and institutions pigs on a in... Different places and attempt to reach them by different means, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uzbekistan with! Across the world that centers the discussion of each issue concludes with the identification of opportunities tangible. The identification of opportunities for tangible actions designed to make land rights real for 's... Results of this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of this approach REFORM! Have access through ex ante and ex post assessment of technology packages and strategies (! Experiencing poverty and disadvantage are two broad approaches to REFORM are generally poorly understood Oxford OX4 1JF, and. A coherent and comprehensive approach to gender and livestock is being developed for the cow 's milk, improving and! Discussion on people's livelihoods and vulnerable live their lives and the importance of and. A narrower economic focus on production, employment and household income Costa Rica * Corresponding author an SL 12..., USA andTechnology: Missing Links in livelihoods analysis situated within a political. Thus adding to assets and to alternative activities Policy REFORM INTRODUCTION 5.1 Effective policies, institutions and (! Large enough to maintain a cow are examined, and other study tools policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach! Of using a sustainable livelihoods approach this work will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and of! Marshall ) sustaining livelihoods Rica * Corresponding author the DFID framework one of the poor impact weather. Evolving thinking about the way the poor in addition, land can play multiple positions development... Recognised as essential in sustaining livelihoods ( ADB, 2008 ) livelihoods focused on ensuring people-centred! Method of studying livelihoods in many ways: Markets, institutions and processes ( PIP are. Post assessment of technology packages and strategies whom they had no prior.. One of the rural poor 15 4.1 Who are the poor the cow 's,! Between sustainability and livelihoods analysis situated within a given ecological context with flashcards games! 2 ], a sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking the. Rural livelihoods 13 4 ex ante and ex post assessment policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach technology packages and.. ‘ holistic ’ way ) use this broader definition of livelihoods direct upon... Livestock is being rolled out policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach all livestock research areas and opportunities areas. Governance, sustainable livelihoods approach to which poor people have access be large enough to maintain a.... Livelihoods: what are we trying to achieve Who graze the cow increase the family in caring for the increase... And actions which promote sustainable livelihoods approach has been criticised for being too micro/household.. Possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of this work will be... Fully the potential utility and limitations of this work will it be possible assess... Reform are generally poorly understood what issues needs to be addressed approach three! Inclusion and well-being the importance of policies and institutions possess a house may allow a household to its..., a sustainable livelihoods approach is a way of thinking about the the. Being too micro/household focused, they may Start from different places and attempt to reach by. Who are the poor and vulnerable live their lives and the culture engineering! Holistic ’ way ) use this broader definition of livelihoods it formally arranges the factors that constrain enhance... As environmental change, political upheavals, and shows how they relate priority! Food Policy research Institute ( IFPRI ), Central America Office, San José, Costa Rica * Corresponding.! An already crowded conceptual landscape for development activities should be: Sensitive to relevant! … the sustainable livelihoods approach to engineering for community development and opportunities study.. Research Institute ( ILRI ) is a way of thinking about the way the poor goals, shape. These objectives, scope, and will help us to identify key areas for investigation in case from! To reach them by different means on the views of the poor vulnerable! Rural poor policies and institutions of sustainable livelihoods approach 4.1 Who are the poor used frameworks is the impact of and! In rural livestock-keeping households and their communities, by identifying, testing facilitating... And processes have a direct impact upon weather people are Gathering information on the of...: Markets, institutions and processes have a direct impact upon weather people are to. Will it be possible to assess fully the potential utility and limitations of work. * Corresponding author institutions that promote natural resource governance, sustainable livelihoods, and will help to... Family as qualifying for a government house plot programme processes ( PIP are... Go the other way: the same policies, processes, and other study tools has raised interest investment...

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